K. Tyshchenko, Dr. Habil. (Philology), Professor

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2640.2021.150.11


The linguistic evidence of contacts of the Early Christian time between the Middle Dnieper region and Syria is highlighted. Found Aramaic Prototypes of such loanwords as Ukr. han'ba, shana, lylyk-nichka, norytsia, spyzharnia, saraka. It is shown that they are connected by means of realities designated by them with the wandering Syrian Monks-Sarakots (IV-VIth c.). These contacts get specific localization in persisted toponyms in Ukraine Sorokotychi, Rakhvalivka, Trypillia, Khalepya, Zoziv, Oskolonivka, in Ukrainian family names Sorokotiah, Rukhaylo, Zoza, Skolonets' etc.

Now, the repeated spatial closeness to the already studied toponyms of a new "pattern" of names is revealed. Their bases are Sever(yn)-, Ladyh/zh-, Nastas/sh-, Melekh/sh-. The very fact of their relationship makes probable their prototypes: Syr. ܣܸܘܸܪܘܿܣ Severus 'Cyrus the Great' (from Antiochia), ܠܐܕܝܩܝܐ lâdîqîyâ, Λαοδίκεια, اللاذقية al-Lādhiq(iye) 'Laodicea in Syria', Ἀναστάσιος 'Anastasius I', ܡܠܟܝܐ malkoyo Μελχίτοι 'melekites'. All these concepts are connected not just by an epoch, but by a specific historical event, the Council of 512.

Key words: place names of Ukraine, linguistic contacts, arameisms, surnames, Syria, regionality, globalization, Laodicea in Syria, Council of 512.

Submitted: 29.09.2021

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