A. Bovtun, MA in History

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2640.2021.150.1


The article reviews characteristics of portrait depictions of Symon Petliura, the eminent civil and political leader in the period of the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917–1921; their reproductions were actively displayed on the pages of Ukrainian periodicals, particularly in magazines “Hurtuimosia” (“Consolidate”), “Shturm” (“Attack”), and “Krylati” (“Winged”), weekly “Tryzub” (“Trident”) and “Hromada” (“Community”), periodical “Samostiina Ukraina” (“Independent Ukraine”), almanac of the Ukrainian People’s Union and the New Way. The author determined the representative artwork circle devoted to Symon Petliura, as well as its authorship, characterized time and circumstances of their creation, defined the special features of Symon Petliura’s personality embodiment on portrait depictions by Ukrainian artists P. Kholodniy, V. Masiutyn, D. Potoroka, L. Perfetskiy, O. Liaturynska, I. Denysenko, as well as illustrators B. Tytla and P. Lopata.

A comparative analysis of published portraits, along with defining their authorship, gives a possibility to determine their source-study and cultural value, characterize time and circumstances of their creation, as well as their importance for the processes of commemoration and the formation of historical memory about Symon Petliura.

As a result of the research on portrait depictions of Symon Petliura that were published on the pages of the Ukrainian periodical press in the 1920s–1980s, these artworks are a valuable historical source for a supplement to the Chief Otaman’s cohesive image as a prominent state, civil and political activist in the period of the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917–1921. Portrait depictions of Symon Petliura have cultural, art, and source-study value; they play an important role in the processes of commemoration of memory about Chief Otaman as the national resistance leader in 1917–1921.

Key words: portraits, Simon Petliura, Ukrainian periodicals, P. Kholodniy, V. Masyutin, L. Perfeckiy, "Hurtuimosia", "Tryzub", "Shturm".

Submitted: 30.08.2021

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