L. Mohylnyi, Dr. Habil. (History), Professor
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Researcher ID AAB-3942-2020
SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY OF HRYHORII KHOLODNYI
In the late 19th – at the beginning of the 20th century the Ukrainian intelligentsia formed an idea of the importance of personal contribution to the national development in such fields as of education, science and culture. Hryhorii Hryhorovych Kholodnyi was one of those active representatives of the Ukrainian clerisy who responded to this unofficial appeal. The purpose of the work is to analyze the scientific and pedagogical work of H. Kholodnyi. In order to achieve this aim, methods of historicism, objectivity and academic assessment have been used in this research. The academic novelty is the first attempt to analyze the scientific and pedagogical contribution of H. Kholodnyi. H. Kholodnyi’s work on Ukrainian studies began immediately after his graduation from St. Petersburg University, precisely when he moved to Moscow and joined the local Ukrainian community, which was immersed into cultural and educational work. Also, at that time he joined the Society of Slavic Culture and the Ukrainian Publishing Society. Before the revolutionary events of 1917, H. Kholodny's patriotism had been revealed in his persistent work in the number of institutions where he developed Ukrainian scientific terminology and worked on the Ukrainian studies. The February Revolution of 1917 dramatically changed the life of the scientist. Thus, he moved to Ukraine and took an active part in educational and scientific projects in Chernihiv and Kyiv. Moreover, he put a lot of effort into organizing various educational events, the activities of Chernihiv "Prosvita", Chernihiv Scientific Society, the Institute of Ukrainian Scientific Language, etc. The scientist devoted a significant part of his life to cultural and educational activities, in particular he headed Chernihiv Labor School, taught lessons in higher and secondary educational institutions of Chernihiv and Kyiv, organized meetings and guided the work of "Prosvita" and Chernihiv Scientific Society, participated in scientific events of the Institute of Ukrainian Science Language and worked on terminological dictionaries. The study of scientific and pedagogical activity of H. Kholodnyi has allowed to distinguish three stages in his public life: 1) the 1912-1917 period was devoted to priority-setting of his social activities; 2) the 1917-1924 period was characterized by the dominance of the educational factor, 3) while during 1924-1929 the scholar entirely concentrated on the scientific work.
Keywords: Kholodnyi Hryhorii, Chernihiv Scientific Society, Prosvita, Institute of Ukrainian Scientific Language, Union for the Liberation of Ukraine.
Received by the editorial board: 13.09.2020
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